This topic was delivered by Ustadha Umm Abdullah in Luton on 23rd June 2011.
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate
All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our Master Muhammad and upon his family and companions.
I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He.
The Prophet (May Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “Rajab is the month of Allah, Sha`bān is my month, and Ramadan is the month of my Ummah.”
Rajab is a month in which we return to Allah. We gather with this intention. It’s a month where we turn to true repentance. We make intention to change our states, it is a month of preparation for Ramadan. We can only beautify ourselves once we rid ourselves of the dirt in us. There has to be a process of taking off the dirt in order for the beauty to manifest. So in Ramadan we embellish the beauty. One of the best ways is to understand how to return in this month.
We can never do justice to Fatiha. It is a synopsis of the whole Qur’an. Let’s return through prayer as prayer is the connection between us and Allah. The primary connection is Fatiha in prayer. How do we come out spiritually connected?
Those that recite the Qur’an without understanding are like a people who have received a letter from their king by night yet have no lantern to read it – Iyas b. Muwiya
If I was to speak to you about Fatiha you would need 70 camels to carry all that I say – Ali b. Abi Talib
In it, it contains every secret of the Qur’an. How many ayahs are related to praise? The Qur’an is filled with God’s great mercy and kindness. One third of the Qur’an is just stories of those who are blessed like the Prophets. The opening of the Qur’an is all that has been revealed to mankind.
Other names for Fatiha
- Surah Fatiha: The Opening
- Surah al Hamd: The Chapter of Praise
- Umm al-Qur’an : Mother of Qur’an
- Sab’a Mathani : The 7 oft recited verses of praise
- Al Kafiya : The Sufficient one
- Al Asas : The Foundation
- Al Shifa : The Cure
- Surah al Shukr : The Chapter of Gratitude
- Surah al Dua : The Chapter of Prayer
1) Fatiha is an opening for everything. The Ulema end their dua with “bi sirr al-fatiha.”
2) It begins with praise. Allah says I don’t need your praise. I am Allah! He opens the door of His giving and praise. He teaches us how to ask. The beginning is just praise, praise, and praise. Praise is just essentially thanks and gratitude.
3) All ayahs are within it.
4) We recite it again and again.
5) It suffices for all our needs.
6) Religion’s foundation is on this Surah.
7) Fatiha can be recited on anything and it gives a cure. A man fell into a fit so the Prophet’s companions fell down and recited Fatiha into his ear. He was cured. RasulAllah said, “Fatiha is a cure.”
8) It is filled with praise of Allah.
9) Majority of Fatiha is a dua.
Prayer is the soul of all actions and the reality of arrival and connection with the Divine. It is the secret of existence with it Lordly light that is hidden in worldly forms becomes manifest.
Arrival is to know God and know you are a slave of God. How do I arrive at His kingdom? Prayer is the connection. There is a light in this prayer and we cannot access it unless we know the secrets. We have to open our hearts and intellects and shift the focus of temporary objects to the eternal, the Divine.
When we enter prayer we actually make wudu. We are making internal cleansing, “I want to get rid of the life I am so caught up in.” Internally the soul is being purified. You’re liberating your soul. You go forth with pure humility. Your soul knows where it is heading, “He is the Lord and I am the slave.” This begins to humble you. Your soul is feeling this lofty presence and you’re becoming less significant to every moment. This preparation is extremely important. We need this moment of reflection. Once we know who Allah is we become completely awestruck. Although you’re awestruck you’ve encompassed by His beauty.
“Allahu Akbar” ——- You’re a nobody. I have a great need for the Divine. You call out internally and it’s a beautiful calling. The temporary is nothing. It is something disappointing. Allah is Real, nothing will exist, Allah will exist. Allah is al-Haqq. He is greater and we throw this world behind us (raise hands). Allah is greater. Allah says. “Establish the Prayer.” This world will take you away from the reality.
“I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaitan.”
Seek refuge in Him from Love of all other than He.
Seek refuge in Him from all evil that the soul inclines towards.
Seek refuge in Him from the self being comforted by desire.
Your soul has a way of allowing your desire to empower its desire. It’s the opposite in prayer and fasting. You have control.
“In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Kind.” ——- He is the First, He is the last.
With His name we begin, He is the First. He is the last…all things fused with His name attain purity and are blessed with Divine Success.
Realise that everything exists by His virtue, His name and that His knowledge encompasses all that.
Allah, I fuse this prayer with your name. Things become blessed with your name. All things are because of Allah. This world means a sign in Arabic. God’s name is fused in everything.
Allah has 99 names. They are split into two categories. Jamalee are the Beautiful ones. Jalalee are the Majestic names. Jamalee inspire hope like Al-Rahman (Most Gracious) and Al-Raheem (Most Merciful). These are names of beauty and cause nothing but to fall in love. Jalalee inspire fear and thoughts like “Perhaps I’m not good enough.” Names like Al-Aziz (Victorious One), Al-Malik (The Master), Al-Khaliq (The Creator). They make you fear your Lord.
Allah creates a balance with all things. There are exactly the same number of ayahs which show fear and show hope. If you take away Allah from the 99 names and see the 98 names. Half are from the Majestic names and others are from the Beautiful names. It is important we have balance. “Do not imbalance the scales.” – Qur’an
“Bear witness to His vast mercy that He ____ to all His creation.”
Stand in gratitude to the giver of all graces and call out….”Alhamdulilah Rabil a’lamin.”
“The sun and moon bow down in prostration to me.” – Qur’an
Mankind are the only ones that regret because they have a choice.
“All praise is to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.”
Hamd: To praise the praiseworthy for His praiseworthy traits.
Our praise can not equate. This is a praise that has no beginning and no end. He is worthy of all praise. He is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.
Pray Glory be to you Allah. I cannot encompass the praise you ever deserved. You have praised yourself.
Allah has blessed me in every good source. So drink from this fountain.
Then taste the sweetness of humility, flee to Him and call out…
Habib Hashim, “Prayer is like flight. When you say Allahu Akbar you have launched. When you say Salaam you come back. With every flight you long to return. This is the prayer of a believer.”
In this state call out al-Rahman, al-Raheem. The Most Merciful, the Most Kind.
Now we understand the significance. We acknowledge His praise.
He is Merciful for allowing us to stand. He is Merciful for allowing us to have a conversation. You are unworthy yet you’re allowed to return.
Allah’s blessing permeated me before I was created is the understanding to come in this state.
Allah said,”Be!” at the beginning of time. Can we not be awestruck in prayer?
“Master of the Day of Judgement.”
We were created to know Allah. By getting to know Him we become true servants. This judgement is a part of my existence.
Surah al Inshiqaq ——- You must go. This world is like a conveyor belt. You are struggling towards Him.
Surah Zilzal 7:8 ——- An atoms weight of good will be seen on the Day of Judgement. (Then mentioned was how Our Mother Aisha gave a date to the poor)
Islam says give up that which you love as you really give up something if you love.
The real test comes when you give something you love, an example is a new dress. This is a test of faith.
Yowm al Haq ——- The truth will become apparent. “Allah show us as truth is and give me the courage to be able to follow it. O Allah show us falsehood as falsehood is and give me the ability to shun it.” (Prophetic dua)
On the Day of Judgement the angels of the next world will say, “Didn’t a Warner come?” You’re saying now I can’t see it. The worst of regrets is the regret of this world.
Yowm al Azifa (The Approaching Day). “Every heartbeat calls out to
you.” The heart is the only organ you can hear externally. Allah is telling us
we are a moment less away.
Yowm al Deen ——- The day where the true religion will be shown.
Allah is the King. He will reside on our judgement. Our limbs will be our witnesses. Limbs were given as a grace. We should be in an eternal state of gratitude. We should use these gifts in worshipping Allah.
Stand firm in the state you are in.
Call out…”You alone we worship with you alone we seek refuge.”
Worship is based on 3 matters.
- To know Allah and believe He is One.
- To obey Allah through fulfilment of His commands.
- To believe He is deserving of being worshipped.
Supermarkets are fulfilling our desires. Your whole life becomes other than Allah. If your desire is Allah, your lead to Allah. We are not here to worship cheese. All inside your soul should be Allah.
When we realise prayer is a privilege we want to pray and pray. The likes of Rabia Adawiyya and Zain al Abideen understood He is worthy of worship and their souls called out so they found the internal strength.
Surah Fatir 1:5 ——- I don’t need your prayer. You stand in need of me. Fatiha is calling us. After we fall down in shame, even your heart stays on the prayer mat though your limbs are here and there.
“You alone we worship” ——- It is only His right.
“You alone we seek refuge” ——- Reliance is our need.
Allah teaches us to fulfil His rights and He will fulfil our needs.
Fatiha begins with praise then a dua.
We stand in recognition of why we stand in the prayer which brings complete tranquillity. Soul should be serene which calls out Allah in every heartbeat.
When you feel this reliance, the turbulence of your soul just go away. The heart begins to dance with the name of Allah in which tranquillity and serenity come.
“Guide us to the straight path.”
We are flying now. Now you realise you are a slave. You’re too broken. You say take me by the hand. Take me by the soul. Allah says come whatever state you are in as He will take that desire out of your heart.
The Ulema say go to Allah in a broken state, if you’re broken, you’re broken.
Guidance is drinking from his fountain (salallahu alayhi wa salam). Drink from his sunnah.
“If you love Allah follow me, and Allah will love you.” (Prophetic Tradition)
You say let me be as he was and he was upon great character. The Path of Muhammad is the Path of every Prophet. He took wisdom from everything. He was a walking Qur’an.
Our path is the path of Muhammad (salallahu alayhi wa salam). Istiqamah only happens through fusing our lives with the life of RasulAllah (salallahu alayhi wa salam).
Surah Fussilat:30 ——- Allah gives us glad tidings of Jannah.
Don’t think you won’t be tested. They are tested on this declaration yet return to uprightness.
Basmala is a source of beauty. The source of the rivers in Jannah is basmala. Each river is made up of a different part of the basmala.
Alhamdulilah is the first thing entrants of Paradise will say.
“The path to Allah is filled with thorns. Expect to bleed. Call out in desperation.” – Ustadha Maryam Mashour
Through this journey you acknowledge who you are and want to be. In the presence of the pious and yourself you want to be in the Divine Light.
On the Day of Judgement Allah recites Qur’an back to us, then we will see the manifestation.
Now you are focussed.
“If you thank me I will increase you.”
Once you drink the wine you will become majnoon. “Worship until you’re mad.”
Ameen ——- O Allah answer this call!
Stand at His door filled with certainty that He will answer and call out.
O Allah give us tawfiq in allowing us to wake up from the deep, deep sleep we are in. – Dua of Habib Umar bin Hafiz
Any mistakes, errors or misinterpretations of words are from me. Please correct me when you spot any mistakes.